Below the table of quantities of each of the minerals contained mare's milk compared with human milk sample. These values are theoretical values .
Calcium is one of the most important minerals for our body. It is essential for good maintenance of both the bones and teeth , but also is required by our metabolism. This mineral acts as a second messenger , and therefore is useful for transmitting information and to perform a pathway signal transduction ( Alberts , 2008 ) . Furthermore, it is also involved in the regulation of certain enzymes (such as kinases ) . Having a diet that meets the requirements of calcium in our body can prevent diseases such as osteoporosis, hypertension and colon cancer (Hernández et al. 1999). Calcium is absorbed in the duodenum and throughout the intestinal tract . For calcium to be assimilated to the extent possible , it is good to be accompanied by vitamin D as this will act as hormone and thus calcium uptake is increased . In addition to vitamin D , both lactose estrogen can provide better absorption in our body. All these components are present in the mare's milk , therefore , calcium is accompanied by the necessary components to help our body to absorb as much calcium as possible.
Phosphorus ( to a lesser extent ) in our body acts with calcium to build bones and teeth. This , like the previous mineral , the benefits of vitamin D present to obtain a good absorption . At the time that the body does not get enough phosphorus, may appear to the central nervous system problems (from symptoms of encephalopathy and irritability to coma ) , the peripheral nervous system (generalized muscle weakness with respiratory failure ) and muscles. The most important functions of this element are: is present in almost all physico- chemical reactions in the metabolism of fats, helps relieve pain caused by arthritis , it is necessary to ensure proper functioning of the kidneys, is essential to properly assimilate vitamins B2 and B3 , stimulates muscle contractions and transmission of nerve impulses and is also an important component of cell division and reproduction . Eating foods with phosphorus can also improve memory.
Magnesium is an essential nutrient that plays a central role in our body . Participates as a functional element in processes of energy supply and is required for the activation of over 300 enzymes. Because of its great importance in the body, its deficit causes numerous metabolic changes in the body ( Steinmetz et al. 2000). Currently magnesium can be used as an antidepressant ( is present in nerve transmission , it provides energy to neurons and is a muscle relaxant ) . Promotes sleep and relaxation. It also controls the intestinal flora and protects against cardiovascular disease. It is used to treat intestinal disorders such as irritable bowel disease ( Lajusticia - Bergasa , 2001). A lack of this mineral can cause many problems (such as irritability and emotional instability ) and lead to disease. It also helps to reduce the feeling of fatigue when playing sports. It is for these characteristics is considered that their presence in the mare's milk is beneficial.
Consumed all the potassium , 80-90% is excreted , since the kidneys absorb only when necessary. Although a small percentage is absorbed, our body usually has no shortage of this mineral ( Amatrian , 2000). The presence of potassium in the mare's milk is enabling us to maintain a healthy body .
Sodium has a largely paper together with potassium. Together they control the acidity or alkalinity of our body, and the entrance and exit of many other substances that are digested by the body to nearby parts of the skin , substances that help in movement , breathing, eating , and even aging think. The percentage of sodium required is considerably lower than that of potassium ( Amatrian , 2000 ).
The copper contributes to the formation of red blood cells in the maintenance of blood vessels , nerves , bones , and immune system . That's why it is important to have a diet where the presence of copper exist, although small amounts are needed.
Zinc is an essential nutrient for life . Part of many enzymes in the human body and can have a catalytic role , structural or regulatory . The gut plays an important role in controlling the homeostasis of the zinc , thus controlling its absorption and excretion ( Lopez , 2010 ) . This mineral is also useful if a disease that causes malabsorption such as celiac disease , Crohn's disease , ulcerative colitis suffers ...